Nordic Europe

Nordic Europe is a region located north of the Baltic Sea. It is the largest region in Europe, yet home to only about 4% of its population (around 24 million people).

The Nordic nations share many cultural traits including elaborate welfare states and high rankings in metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development.

The geography of the region is extremely varied, including the Norwegian fjords, the Scandinavian Mountains, the flat, low areas in Denmark, archipelagos off Sweden and Norway, and many lakes and moraines.

The northern parts of Norway, Sweden and Finland are within the Arctic, with the distinctive cultural area of Lapland straddling these countries.

Despite the high latitude central parts, the Nordic countries have a milder climate than is typical for countries at this latitude, especially along the coastal areas.

The region also has some of the world’s highest English proficiency rates among countries where English is not an official language.

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Europe (Nordic) (photo by Wikimedia Commons)

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Countries in this region:

Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Denmark

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: May, June, July, August, September

 DenmarkDenmark, located in northern Europe, is considered culturally to be part of Scandinavia. Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation. Geographically, Denmark is dominated by mildly undulating agricultural landscapes, forests, minor lakes, extensive costal dunes, and marshes. The coastal scenery itself can be quite varied, ranging from white cliffs to forested and deserted dune areas.
 
Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Finland

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: June, July, August, September

 FinlandFinland is a Nordic country. It is the most sparsely populated country in the European Union, with the majority living in its southern regions. Its capital and largest city, Helsinki, is the second northernmost capital in the world (after Reykjavík). Geographically, Finland is a land of lakes and islands – an estimated 188,000 lakes and 179,000 islands. Much of the landscape is covered by coniferous taiga forests and fens, with little cultivated land.
 
 
Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Norway

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: May, June, July, August, September

 NorwayNorway is the westernmost Scandinavian country. It is well known for its beautiful and varied scenery. Most famous are the complex and deep fjords along its west coast which stretch from the North Sea near Denmark and Scotland into the Arctic Ocean. The vast majority of the interior is rocky wilderness, much of which has been converted to national parks. In the far north one finds flatter open spaces.
 
Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Sweden

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: May, June, July, August, September

 SwedenSweden is the largest of the Nordic countries in both land area and population. Most Swedes live in the southern half of the country in urban areas, leaving much of the country sparsely populated. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, with increasing forest coverage northward. Around 65% of Sweden's total land area is covered with forests. To the west is the Scandinavian mountain chain, which separates Sweden from Norway.