Bulgaria is located in the Balkans on the western side of the Black Sea. It is bordered by Greece and Turkey to the south, Macedonia and Serbia to the west, and Romania to the north.
Bulgaria’s population of 7.4 million people is predominantly urbanized. The capital and largest city is Sofia, which is also the commercial and cultural center of the country.
Bulgaria’s position near the Turkish Straits has made it a key crossroads from Europe to the Middle East and Asia. The emergence of a unified Bulgarian state dates back to the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 AD, which dominated most of the Balkans and functioned as a cultural hub for Slavs during the Middle Ages.
The country is largely mountainous, with lowlands in north and southeast. The mountainous southwest of the country has two alpine ranges— Rila and Pirin, which border the lower but more extensive Rhodope Mountains to the east. Bulgaria is home to the highest point of the Balkan peninsula, Musala (9,596 ft/2,925 m). Several major bodies of water play an important role in its landscape, with the Danube defining Bulgaria’s northern border with Romania and the Black Sea defining its eastern border.
Featuring both cultural and natural attractions.