South Asia

South Asia comprises those countries lying between the Himalaya range of mountains and the Indian Ocean (north to south) and between the Ganga and Indus river valleys (east to west). It is one of the world’s most densely populated regions, with roughly a quarter of humanity (about 1.8 billion people).

South Asia is ethnically diverse, with more than 2,000 ethnic groups, ranging from hundreds of millions to small tribal groups. An important unifying feature in much of the region is the colonial influence of British culture, and especially the widespread use of the English language.

India is by far the largest and most populous country in the area, covering about three-fourths of the region’s land area. The region has both the largest population of Hindus in the world (about 1 billion) and of Muslims (about 500 million).

The region is extremely geographically diverse, with ecosystems ranging from tropical rainforests to large desert and grasslands areas to the high alpine areas of the Himalayas.

The climate of the region varies considerably from area to area from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north.

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Countries in this region:

Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Bangladesh

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: January, February, October, November, December

 BangladeshBangladesh is is the world's eighth-most populous country, with over 160 million people, and among the most densely populated. The native Bengalis form the country's largest ethnic group, along with indigenous peoples in northern and southeastern districts. The country is predominated by rich fertile flat land, most importantly the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, the world’s largest delta system. Most parts Bangladesh are less than 40 ft (12 m) above sea level, with the vast Sundarlands region in the southwest one of the largest and most important mangrove forest and wildlife systems in the world.
 
Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Bhutan

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: March, April, May, September, October, November

 BhutanBhutan is a small landlocked country in the Himalayas that made the transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy in 2008. Bhutan is the only Vajrayana Buddhist nation in the world, and the last remaining Buddhist kingdom. Its capital and largest city is Thimphu. Bhutan's landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, where some peaks exceed 7,000 meters (23,000 ft).
 
 
Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

India

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: January, February, March, November, December

 IndiaIndia dominates the Indian Subcontinent. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and second only to China in population (over 1.2 billion). It is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse. India's culture and heritage are a rich amalgam of the past and the present. Geologically, India is home to everything from high Himalayan mountain peaks and plateaus to vast desert regions to tropical forest regions of various kinds. Its extensive coastline is home to many beaches, islands, backwater canals, and other features.
 
A Natural Atmosphere includes a diverse range of destinations with outdoor-oriented features, including both water-based (beaches, rivers, lakes, etc) and land-based (mountains, forests, deserts, etc). It also includes specific outdoor activities, ranging from water adventuring (eg, kayaking, sailing) to land adventuring (eg, hiking, biking).

Natural Interests tend to be:
(a) outdoors-oriented, and therefore more dependent on weather conditions
(b) less easily accessible and more physically demanding than other destination categories.

In some cases (eg, rafting and climbing), this includes a significantly increased degree of adventure (or danger, depending on one's viewpoint).

Nepal

Atmosphere: Nature    
Best Weather: March, April, May, September, October, November

 NepalNepal is a landlocked country, with most of the population living in the southern flatlands and central hills of the country. Nepal’s geographic and cultural variations can be divided into three geographic areas: Mountain, Hill and Terai. The southern lowland plains or Terai bordering India are part of the northern rim of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The Hill Region abuts the mountains and varies from subtropical climates below 4,000 ft (1,200 m) to alpine climates reaching 12,000 ft (3,600 m). The Mountain Region (Himal) makes up the northern part of Nepal. It contains 8 of the world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the world's tallest - on the border with Tibet.
 
 
Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Pakistan

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: January, February, March, November, December

 PakistanPakistan, located along the Arabian Sea, is the sixth most populous country in the world (exceeding 191 million people). The geography and climate of Pakistan are extremely diverse, but can basically be broken into three major areas: (a) the northern highlands, contain the Karakoram, Hindu Kush and Pamir mountain ranges, including five of the fourteen eight-thousanders (mountain peaks over 8,000 metres or 26,250 feet); (b) the Balochistan Plateau in the west; and (c) the Thar Desert in the east. The 1,000 mi (1,609 km) Indus River and its tributaries flow through the country from the Kashmir region to the Arabian Sea.
 
Combination Atmosphere destinations combine elements of both cultural and natural destinations, where this combination is itself essential to the travel experience. Common examples are Archaeological Sites (where culture is usually experienced outdoors), Scenic Local Markets (where indigenous cultures interact outdoors), Hotsprings and Vineyard Areas (where nature provides the raw materials but humans create the surroundings), and Unique Cultural Landscapes (where humans and nature interact in innovative ways, as in the elaborate rice terracing systems of Asia).

Combination Interests typically fall somewhere in the middle of the three types of primary interests in terms of
(a) how climate-dependent they are
(b) how accessible and physically demanding they are.

Sri Lanka

Atmosphere: Combination    
Best Weather: January, February, March, November, December

 Sri LankaSri Lanka is an island country located off the coast of southeastern India. It has an expecially rich Buddhist heritage, with the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka dating back to 29 BC. Today it is a diverse and multicultural country and home to many religions, ethnic groups, and languages  The island consists mostly of flat to rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising in the south-central part, creating a biologically important areas with large number of endemic species. The coastline and adjacent waters support highly productive marine ecosystems such as fringing coral reefs and shallow beds of coastal and estuary seagrasses.