Africa is the second largest continent in terms of both land area and population. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world’s human population.

Africa straddles the equator, encompassing numerous climate areas, and is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.

It has 54 sovereign countries—the most on any continent. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by geographic area, while Nigeria is the most populous.

Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago

It is host a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. Although most of thje region was colonized in the late 19th century by European countries, and its modern states orginated with that process, much of this diversity remains intact.

While the first activity most people associate with Africa is safaris, there are endless possibilities for adventure. You can purchase crafts in markets, venture into the Sahara with a Tuareg caravan, visit pygmy villages, hike through jungle to watch gorillas, relax on tropical islands in the Indian Ocean, snack on exotic treats, travel down a river in a dugout “pirogue”, travel across savannah on a colonial-era railway, and much more.


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