Mapper » Africa
Africa (photo by Wikimedia Commons)
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Eastern Africa is marked by stunning and varied geography, including Mount Kilimanjar and Mount Kenya, the two tallest peaks in Africa, the world's second largest freshwater lake (Lake Victoria), and the world's second deepest lake (Lake Tanganyika). It is is well known for its concentration of wild animals, including the "big five" of elephants, buffalos, lions, leopards, and black rhinoceros.
Northern Africa is separated from Sub-Saharan Africa historically and ecologically by the Sahara Desert. The Islamic influence in the area is significant, and the official language in most of the region is Arabic. Sheltered valleys in the Atlas Mountains, the Nile Valley and Delta, and the Mediterranean coast are the main sources of fertile farming land.
Southern Africa is known for its wide diversity of ecoregions, including extensive forests and grasslands, the Kalahari desert, and beautiful beach and mountain areas. Wildlife safaris are popular with travelers, with many game reserves that are home to white rhinos, lions, leopards, impalas, kudu, blue wildebeest, vervet monkeys, and elephants. English is an official language in nearly all countries in the region.
Western Africa is home to beautiful beaches, as well as historically significant remnants of the colonial slave trade. It lacks the big game animals found in the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the wide variety of cultures in West Africa, there are significant similarities in culture across the region that differ from the rest of Africa related to dress, cuisine, and music.